Determination of the current-voltage characteristics of concentrator systems by using different adapted conventional techniques
Rodrigo Cruz, Pedro Manuel
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The modelling of the current–voltage characteristics of HCPV (high concentrator photovoltaic) modules is fundamental for the design, monitoring and energy prediction of HCPV systems and power plants. However, the modelling of these devices is inherently different and more complex than that of conventional PV (photovoltaic) modules. Because of this, considerable efforts have been done to develop models tailored to the specific features of this technology. However, there is still a lack of studies and techniques concerning the modelling of the whole I–V curve of HCPV modules. In the present work, the possibility of obtaining the I–V curve of a HCPV module by applying common methods exploited in conventional PV technology by using the effective irradiance and cell temperature is analysed. In particular, the studied methods are: the single exponential model, the Blasser's method and the bilinear interpolation method. Every method has been adapted to be entirely function of the effective irradiance and cell temperature of the concentrator. Results show that all the methods present a good performance in the estimation of the I–V curve of a concentrator, with an average RMSE (root mean square error) ranging from 1.15% to 5.23%, and an average MBE (mean bias error) close to 0%. ©2016 Elsevier Ltd.