Now showing 1 - 10 of 16
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Historia del clúster de calzado en Jalisco y su impacto en la estructura industrial.

2018 , López-Hernández, Carlos

La historia de la industria del calzado en México demuestra que su declive obedece a muchas variables, como, por ejemplo, la apertura de los mercados internacionales y los costos de mano de obra, pero también la estructura organizacional de tipo industrial como lo es el fortalecimiento del clúster. En México, al igual que otros países como Estados Unidos, Inglaterra, China y Brasil, la industria del calzado se localiza y concentra en algunas regiones geográficas, de manera que el fortalecimiento de las relaciones existentes entre los participantes del clúster es lo que desarrolla y hace crecer la industria. En este trabajo de investigación se describe la estructura industrial del clúster de calzado en Jalisco y las transformaciones históricas que ha sufrido.

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El bueno, El malo y El FeoEfectividad organizacional en los procesos de recursos humanos

2019 , Gaytán-Jiménez, Guadalupe , López-Hernández, Carlos , Jaqueline Cordero-Estefan

Learning outcomes Se espera que los estudiantes logren: Identificar los requisitos previos y básicos a un proceso de institucionalización. Priorizar procesos estratégicos de recursos humanos como base para el crecimiento de la empresa. Analizar la importancia de las etapas en la gestión de recursos humanos. Definir las áreas de oportunidad y sus respectivos planes de acción. Proponer las habilidades de liderazgo que requiere un líder Case overview/synopsis Tramuntana® es una agencia de viajes que destaca por ser un servicio de primer nivel, promovida por sus propios clientes. Su fundador desea institucionalizar la empresa. El principal problema al que se enfrenta para crecer y consolidarse es mantener sus recursos humanos y que no pueden ser retenidos, por lo tanto, no tienen una estructura sólida. Complexity academic level Escuela de pregrado y posgrado de negocios y educación ejecutiva Supplementary materials Las Notas de enseñanza están disponibles solo para educadores. Póngase en contacto con su biblioteca para obtener detalles de inicio de sesión o envíe un correo electrónico a support@emeraldinsight.com para solicitar notas de enseñanza Subject code CSS 1: Accounting and Finance

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The good, the bad, and the ugly: organizational effectivity in human resources processes

2019 , Gaytán-Jiménez, Guadalupe , López-Hernández, Carlos , Jaqueline Cordero-Estefan

Learning outcomes Students are expected to achieve identify the prerequisites and basic to an institutionalization process; prioritize strategic human resources processes as a basis for the growth of the company; analyze the importance of the stages in human resources management; define the areas of opportunity and their respective action plans; and propose the leadership skills that a leader requires. Case overview/synopsis Tramuntana® is a travel agency that stands out for being a prime service, which is promoted by its own customers. Its founder wishes to institutionalize his company. The main problem in which they face to grow and consolidate is to maintain their human resources, and in which they cannot be retained, and therefore, do not have a solid structure. Complexity academic level Undergraduate and Graduate School of Business and executive education. Supplementary materials Teaching Notes are available for educators only. Please contact your library to gain login details or email support@emeraldinsight.com to request teaching notes. Subject code CSS 1: Accounting and Finance.

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Prioritizing factors for effective strategy implementation in small and medium-size organizations

2023 , Jose F. López-Torres , Sánchez-García, Jacqueline Y. , Núñez-Ríos, Juan E. , López-Hernández, Carlos

Purpose Organizations depend on multiple factors to maintain competitiveness and continuously adapt to the environment. Managers must know how to implement strategies while motivating the commitment of those involved. This study aims to present a model for prioritizing factors to promote effective strategy implementation in small- and medium-sized companies. Design/methodology/approach The authors adopted a systemic approach to articulate two instruments: social network analysis to identify the components that could affect strategy implementation, designing a conceptual model with this information, and analytical hierarchy process to validate the resulting construct. Findings The factors for effectively implementing strategies relate to the need for reinforcement, commitment, organizational culture, managerial skills, clear communication and involvement to reduce inconsistencies between the expected and current organizational state without neglecting coordination and management mechanisms. Research limitations/implications This work is limited to organizational matters. This study was conducted in collaboration with medium-sized Mexican companies with the participation of 94 managers with 10 years of experience. Although the results are mathematically rigorous, increasing the number of participants could enhance the approach to the problem. Practical implications This study could encourage academics and practitioners to target resources more accurately and improve organizational relationships to bridge the gap between strategic planning and practical implementation. Originality/value This study contrasts with previous research in proposing a systemic perspective that integrates participants’ experiences, developing a construct to determine and prioritize the factors to be addressed in strategy implementation. Therefore, this work invites the adoption of the proposed method as a complementary path to enrich academic and professional exchange.

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The passport nightmare: business process analysis in public service

2020 , Ramirez-Nafarrate, Adrian , López-Hernández, Carlos

Learning outcomes Students should be able to: identify the elements of business processes; analyze efficiency measures; identify and define causes of poor efficiency in business process; analyze the results of a simulation model; propose process redesign alternatives based on the analysis; and acknowledge the challenges for improving public service processes. Case overview/synopsis The process to get a passport seems to be very simple, but Jose Hernandez, a Manufacturing Plant Director, has had bad experiences the past three times he has visited the passport office. He and his family have spent more than 3 h to get the passport for his little daughter, Maria. In this case, the authors illustrate the process analysis performed by Jose to find effective and efficient solutions to the problems that he found. The case study guides students through the analysis of a business process in public service from the perspective of the users. The students participating in the case analysis will not only learn to diagnose and describe the process but also to redesign it to achieve significant improvements. Furthermore, the students will realize that adding more resources to the process may not solve the fundamental issues, but analytical and creative skills are needed. In addition, the teaching notes provide a discussion about the existing challenges to improve public service processes. Complexity academic level Management and engineering undergraduate programs, operations management and business process design in Master of Business Administration programs. Supplementary materials Teaching Notes are available for educators only. Subject code CSS 9: Operations and Logistics.

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Enhancing learning of accounting principles through experiential learning in a board game

2022 , López-Hernández, Carlos , Gloria Isabel Lizarraga-Álvarez , Soto-Pérez, Manuel

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Analogía de negociaciones no éticas: historia y actualidad

2018 , López-Hernández, Carlos , Gaytán-Jiménez, Guadalupe

¿En qué se parecen los casos de escándalos éticos de Barclays y Enron con los de Dionisio de Siracusa y Aristóteles de Rodas? o ¿Los escándalos de Firestone y Madoff con Cleómenes de Alejandría y Mausolo de Caria? En los primeros, el engaño es la constante, en los segundos la amenaza; parecería imposible que con 2400 años de distancia las situaciones resultantes sean las mismas. El tema de las negociaciones bajo esquemas no éticos no es exclusivo de la era actual. Existen casos documentados por el filósofo Aristóteles desde hace 2400 años que lo comprueban, algunos de ellos son los engaños, abusos de poder y autoridad, amenazas y promesas no cumplidas, que benefician a una de las partes. La importancia de actuar éticamente radica en que los beneficios son de largo plazo, a diferencia de los no-éticos, cuyo beneficio es a corto plazo. En esta revisión de literatura se analiza la existencia de semejanzas entre los tratos de negociación no éticos tanto de casos históricos como casos de la era actual. Se concluye que es necesario estar conscientes de que estos patrones se han repetido y se pueden repetir, pero además que se tienen que establecer acciones para prevenirlas.

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Applying System Dynamics to a Negotiation Diagram

2020 , Sánchez-García, Jacqueline Y. , López-Hernández, Carlos

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Determination of the Representative Socioeconomic Level by BSA in the Mexican Republic

2018 , Dolores Luquín-garcía , Macedo Ruiz Edith Cecilia , Rojas, Omar , López-Hernández, Carlos

The aim of this article is to determine the socioeconomic level (SEL) with disaggregation of the Basic Statistical Area (BSA) in the Mexican Republic. The methodology used is the one established by the Mexican Association of Market Research Agencies (AMAI) along with the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). The Clustering of the BSAs was carried out according to variables contained in the Population and Housing Census of 2010, through Gaussian mixture models, learning neural networks and finally, by defining the labels corresponding to each SEL. We found the existence of a representative SEL for each BSA. In addition, the definition of each socioeconomic level shows good results with an average of 90.86% of correctly labeled elements.

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Development of Transformational Social Entrepreneurship through Innovation Determinants in the Handicraft Industry of the Wayuu Community in Colombia

2018 , López-Hernández, Carlos

The indigenous community of Wayuu located in Colombia and Venezuela possesses a rich culture in customs and traditions. However, it has limited economic and material resources, which results in infant mortality and malnutrition. The craft industry in the community of Wayuu is the main source of income. Nevertheless, this economic activity does not generate the necessary income for the basic survival of its artisans. Tourism and crafts are two industries that are tightly linked, where innovation is key for their growth and development. In this research work, we analyse the capacity of innovation of the Wayuu crafts based on eight innovation factors developed by Naidu, Chand and Southgate. This determines the current assets with which this industry counts and those in need to be developed so the Wayuu community may grow a true social entrepreneurship—one that is able to solve the current social and economic problems without modifying its culture and regional roots.